1. Setting the Stage: Ask the following question, “Who is James Bond?” Students
will respond with a variety of answers, but almost invariably they will mention
that he is a spy, he uses fancy gadgets, and that he is the good guy. Use these
responses to address why he was a spy, why gadgets were important and which
side he was on. This acts as an entry into talking about the Cold War and the
international divisions between two diametrically opposing philosophies and
the reality that the formation of the UN has not necessarily ended conflict.
(Find image of James)
2. Note-taking: Ask students what they know about the Cold War. On an overhead
write student responses. Can they identify what time period the Cold War covered?
Can they identify the two major entities behind the division? Students will
most likely identify Russia and the USA. Use the textbook definition or give
them the following definition if can’t find one.
Cold War definition: Relationship between the United States and the Soviet
Union between1945 and 1989. NO war is actually fought hence the term “cold
war” as opposed to a “hot war”. It is a philosophical war
using client states which fought for their beliefs (either communism or capitalism)
on their behalf.
The Cold War was not a military confrontation between the two superpowers.
3. Elaborate for their notes that there was a strong sense of Nationalism on
both sides. This included a ‘never back down’ attitude based on
mutual distrust. This was a direct Lesson from WWII in which sides believed
that if one side backed down the other would take advantage of I just like
Nazi Germany did of France and Great Britain.
4.At this time
have students identify where Russia is on their blank world
map while you can note its correct location
on the blank overhead world map. Also at this point you can
introduce, if the students haven’t already, that Russia
was part of a larger entity known as the USSR (identify on
map.) Ask students what other major countries took a position
in support of the USA or the USSR. If students are struggling
ask them where the spies were and governments from which
James Bond was sent to take on. (James, of course, is from
the United Kingdom, an ally of the USA, foes included
Cuba, China, East German, N. Korea, N. Vietnam).
5. More notes. To help students locate countries introduce
the following two Military Alliances:
The 1949 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is formed
between anti-communist countries. They agree that if one
nation is attacked, the others will come to its aid. The
USA allies were: (name 11 countries).
The 1955 Warwaw Pact is formed between communist countries.
The USSR allies were: (name 7)
(Answer for NATO: Great Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands,
Luxembourg, Denmark, Norway, Iceland, Canada, Italy, and
(Answer for the Warwaw Pact: Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia,
East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania).
6. Give students time to look inside their textbook to locate
countries and who they were allied with: USA or USSR.
7. Have students share answers and write on overhead. Students
continue to fill in their maps.
8. Notes and Map will go into Student notes.